• a2-kuipers

    Final published version, 45 MB, PDF-document


This work presents halftoning techniques to manufacture 3D objects with the appearance of full grayscale imagery for Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) printers. While droplet-based dithering is a common halftoning technique, this is not applicable to FDM printing, since FDM builds up objects by extruding material in semi-continuous paths. A set of three methods is presented which apply a linear halftoning principle called 'hatching' to horizontal, vertical and diagonal surfaces. These methods are better suited to FDM compared to other halftoning methods: their applicability stands irrespective of the geometry and surface slope and the perceived tone is less sensitive to the viewing angle. Furthermore, the methods have little effect on printing time. Experiments on a dual-nozzle FDM printer show promising results. Future work is required to optimize the interaction between the presented methods.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSCF' 17 Proceedings of the 1st Annual ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-4999-4
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event1st Annual ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication, SCF 2017 - Cambridge, United States
Duration: 12 Jun 201713 Jun 2017


Conference1st Annual ACM Symposium on Computational Fabrication, SCF 2017
CountryUnited States

    Research areas

  • 3D printing, Color, Dithering, Dual extrusion, Engraving, FDM, Grayscale, Halftone, Hatching, Linear, Monochrome, Tone

ID: 30559330