Recent studies have shown great potential of Mg matrix composites for biodegradable orthopedic devices. However, the poor structural integrity of these composites, which results in excessive localized corrosion and premature mechanical failure, has hindered their widespread applications. In this research, an in-situ Powder Metallurgy (PM) method was used to fabricate a novel biodegradable Mg-bredigite composite and to achieve enhanced chemical interfacial locking between the constituents by triggering a solid-state thermochemical reaction between Mg and bredigite particles. The reaction resulted in a highly densified and integrated microstructure, which prevented corrosion pits from propagating when the composite was immersed in a physiological solution. In addition, chemical interlocking between the constituents prohibited interparticle fracture and subsequent surface delamination during compression testing, enabling the composite to withstand larger plastic deformation before mechanical failure. Furthermore, the composite was proven to be biocompatible and capable of maintaining its ultimate compressive strength in the strength range of cortical bone after 25-day immersion in DMEM. The research provided the necessary information to guide further research towards the development of a next generation of biodegradable Mg matrix composites with enhanced chemical interlocking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-221
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Biocompatibility, Chemical interlocking, Composite, Degradation, Magnesium, Mechanical property

ID: 40075973