An explorative research programme on CO 2 removal has been carried out in the Netherlands. The goal of this programme was to obtain a better understanding of the technical and economic feasibility of the recovery of CO 2 from flue gases and synthesis gases and the sustainable storage of CO 2 outside the atmosphere. As far as CO 2 recovery from power plants is concerned, options based on coal gasification with CO 2 recovery turn out to be most energy- efficient. Of the remaining recovery options chemical absorption from flue gases, using amines, seems most promising. A number of recovery options based on membrane technologies have been identified, but most of them still require considerable development. In manufacturing industry, attractive options for CO 2 recovery are available in refineries equipped with residue gasification, and in the ammonia fertilizer industry. More costly options were identified in the iron and steel industry and in the petrochemical industry. CO 2 storage in aquifers is technically feasible. When injecting CO 2 in aquifers part of the water already present will be displaced. The main mechanisms for this displacement will be gravity segregation and viscous fingering, as was shown by simulation calculations. The Dutch subsurface contains a large number of aquifers that are potentially suitable for CO 2 storage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1093-1098
Number of pages6
JournalStudies in Environmental Science
Issue numberPART B
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

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