Because of environmental and economic benefits, a fraction of cement is increasingly replaced by limestone fillers raising a question on to what extent limestone fillers affect the durability of cementitious materials. This work aims at understanding the effects of water/powder (w/p) ratio and limestone filler replacement on water permeability of cement pastes. A newly proposed technique using a controlled constant flow concept was applied to measure permeability of hardened cement paste samples following a factorial experimental design. It was observed that both limestone filler and w/p ratio significantly influence the water permeability. At a given w/p ratio, adding limestone filler made the microstructure coarser, especially for high w/p ratio. Nevertheless, if the comparison is based on a given water/cement (w/c) ratio instead of w/p ratio, the limestone filler replacement refined the microstructure in terms of capillary porosity and pore size distribution, resulting in permeability decreases of cement pastes. Furthermore, a modified Carmen-Kozeny relation was established which enables prediction of the permeability from capillary porosity and the critical pore diameter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational RILEM Conference on Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering 2016
Subtitle of host publicationsegment on Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials
EditorsOle M. Jensen, Konstantin Kovler, Nele De Belie
PublisherRilem
Pages263-272
Number of pages10
Volume113
ISBN (Electronic)978-2-35158-179-7
ISBN (Print) 978-2-35158-178-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventInternational RILEM Conference on Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering : Conference segment on Concrete with Supplementary Cementitious Materials - Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 22 Aug 201624 Aug 2016
http://www.conferencemanager.dk/MSSCE2016/home.html

Conference

ConferenceInternational RILEM Conference on Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering
Abbreviated titleMSSCE 2016
CountryDenmark
CityLyngby
Period22/08/1624/08/16
Internet address

ID: 7717910