Bike-sharing systems have rapidly expanded around the world. Previous studies found that docked and dockless bike-sharing systems are different in terms of user demand and travel characteristics. However, their usage regularity and its determinants have not been fully understood. This research aims to fill this gap by exploring smart card data of a docked bike-sharing scheme and GPS trajectory data of a dockless bike-sharing scheme in Nanjing, China, over the same period. Both docked and dockless bike-sharing users can be classified into regular users and occasional users according to their usage frequency. Two systems are cross-compared regarding their travel characteristics. Then, binary logistic models are applied to reveal the impacts of travel characteristics and built environment factors on the regularity of bike-sharing usage. Results show that for both bike-sharing systems, regular users and occasional users share similar riding time and distance, while significant differences in the spatio-temporal distribution between docked and dockless bike-sharing systems are observed. The regression model results show that the “Trips during morning and afternoon peak hours” are positively associated with the regularity of both docked and dockless bike-sharing usage. However, the “Riding distance” variable is negatively associated with the usage regularity of both systems. Built environment factors including working point of interest (POI), residential POI, and transit POI promote the usage regularity of both bike-sharing systems. Finally, policy implications are proposed, such as increasing the density of docking stations in suburban areas and developing high-quality parking area for dockless bike-sharing around public transport stations. This study can help operators or governments to launch or improve the service of bike-sharing systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120110
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2020

    Research areas

  • Docked bike-sharing, Dockless bike-sharing, GPS trajectory data, Regularity, Smart card data, Spatio-temporal pattern

ID: 69606279