This article presents research about the propagation of ultrasonic guided waves in ultrasonically welded thermoplastic composite joints. The goal of the study was to understand the effect of weld manufacturing defects on guided wave transmission across the joint. Triangular energy-directors integrated into the lower composite adherends enabled the production of defective joints in a controlled manner. The produced defect types were unwelded areas and adherend fibre bundle distortion. The reference condition corresponded to the fully welded stage which showed the highest single-lap shear strength. It was possible to detect adherend fibre bundle distortion through the increase in the negative shift of the signal characteristic frequency. Evidence of the presence of unwelded areas was found in the increase of Time-of-Flight of the maximum amplitude Lamb wave group. The sensitivity of the diagnostic parameters was found to be dependent on the ultrasonic guided wave excitation frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102126
Number of pages10
JournalNDT and E International
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Research areas

  • Manufacturing defects, Structural health monitoring, Thermoplastic composite, Ultrasonic guided waves, Ultrasonic welding

ID: 54762288