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Dutch fog : On the observed spatio-temporal variability of fog in the Netherlands. / Izett, Jonathan G.; van de Wiel, Bas J.H.; Baas, Peter; van Hooft, J. Antoon; Schulte, Ruben B.

In: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 145, No. 723, 2019, p. 2817-2834.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Izett, JG, van de Wiel, BJH, Baas, P, van Hooft, JA & Schulte, RB 2019, 'Dutch fog: On the observed spatio-temporal variability of fog in the Netherlands' Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 145, no. 723, pp. 2817-2834. https://doi.org/10.1002/qj.3597

APA

Vancouver

Author

Izett, Jonathan G. ; van de Wiel, Bas J.H. ; Baas, Peter ; van Hooft, J. Antoon ; Schulte, Ruben B. / Dutch fog : On the observed spatio-temporal variability of fog in the Netherlands. In: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 2019 ; Vol. 145, No. 723. pp. 2817-2834.

BibTeX

@article{3f74b0ba110b4b1abf02ee47d6bf37fb,
title = "Dutch fog: On the observed spatio-temporal variability of fog in the Netherlands",
abstract = "The Netherlands is characterized by highly variable land use within a small area, and a strong influence of the North Sea on national climate. Devoid of significant topography, it is an excellent location for assessing the relative influence of various factors on fog occurrence in the absence of terrain effects. Using observations from a dense network of weather stations throughout the country, the climatology of fog in the Netherlands is assessed over a period of 45 years. On a national scale, interannual variability is linked to changes in synoptic pressure-gradient forcing. Within the country, a comprehensive in-depth analysis of regional differences between fog occurrence is made, together with an assessment of local physical factors which could bias fog formation in one location over another. Regional variability is shown to be strongly related to the mesoscale influences of urbanization and the North Sea. In fact, some locations experience over twice as much fog as others. From this finding, a simple index is presented, which combines the water and urban fraction surrounding a station. This “Regionally Weighted Index” (RWI) is able to accurately sort the stations according to their relative fogginess. Its practical use is encouraged for assessing a given site's climatological favourability, even when in situ meteorological observations are unavailable.",
keywords = "climatology, fog, land use, regional variability, weather",
author = "Izett, {Jonathan G.} and {van de Wiel}, {Bas J.H.} and Peter Baas and {van Hooft}, {J. Antoon} and Schulte, {Ruben B.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1002/qj.3597",
language = "English",
volume = "145",
pages = "2817--2834",
journal = "Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal (online)",
issn = "1477-870X",
publisher = "Blackwell",
number = "723",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dutch fog

T2 - Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal (online)

AU - Izett, Jonathan G.

AU - van de Wiel, Bas J.H.

AU - Baas, Peter

AU - van Hooft, J. Antoon

AU - Schulte, Ruben B.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The Netherlands is characterized by highly variable land use within a small area, and a strong influence of the North Sea on national climate. Devoid of significant topography, it is an excellent location for assessing the relative influence of various factors on fog occurrence in the absence of terrain effects. Using observations from a dense network of weather stations throughout the country, the climatology of fog in the Netherlands is assessed over a period of 45 years. On a national scale, interannual variability is linked to changes in synoptic pressure-gradient forcing. Within the country, a comprehensive in-depth analysis of regional differences between fog occurrence is made, together with an assessment of local physical factors which could bias fog formation in one location over another. Regional variability is shown to be strongly related to the mesoscale influences of urbanization and the North Sea. In fact, some locations experience over twice as much fog as others. From this finding, a simple index is presented, which combines the water and urban fraction surrounding a station. This “Regionally Weighted Index” (RWI) is able to accurately sort the stations according to their relative fogginess. Its practical use is encouraged for assessing a given site's climatological favourability, even when in situ meteorological observations are unavailable.

AB - The Netherlands is characterized by highly variable land use within a small area, and a strong influence of the North Sea on national climate. Devoid of significant topography, it is an excellent location for assessing the relative influence of various factors on fog occurrence in the absence of terrain effects. Using observations from a dense network of weather stations throughout the country, the climatology of fog in the Netherlands is assessed over a period of 45 years. On a national scale, interannual variability is linked to changes in synoptic pressure-gradient forcing. Within the country, a comprehensive in-depth analysis of regional differences between fog occurrence is made, together with an assessment of local physical factors which could bias fog formation in one location over another. Regional variability is shown to be strongly related to the mesoscale influences of urbanization and the North Sea. In fact, some locations experience over twice as much fog as others. From this finding, a simple index is presented, which combines the water and urban fraction surrounding a station. This “Regionally Weighted Index” (RWI) is able to accurately sort the stations according to their relative fogginess. Its practical use is encouraged for assessing a given site's climatological favourability, even when in situ meteorological observations are unavailable.

KW - climatology

KW - fog

KW - land use

KW - regional variability

KW - weather

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070064906&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/qj.3597

DO - 10.1002/qj.3597

M3 - Article

VL - 145

SP - 2817

EP - 2834

JO - Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal (online)

JF - Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal (online)

SN - 1477-870X

IS - 723

ER -

ID: 55927448