Abstract: Echocardiograms, systolic time interval measurements and electrocardiograms were obtained before treatment of 15 Nigerian patients with severe hypertension (WHO stage 2) but without overt heart failure. These were compared with the measurements in 12 normo‐tensive controls. In the hypertensive subjects, left ventricular (LV) posterior wall thickness, septal thickness, relative wall thickness and LV wall mass were greater than normal (P < 0 ‐ 01 respectively). However, the LV cavity size was within the normal range. The increase in LV wall mass correlated positively with the increase in mean blood pressure (r = 0.96, P <0.001). The ejection fraction (EF) and mean velocity of circumferential fibre shortening (mVcf) were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05) respectively, while the calculated systemic vascular resistance (SVR) was elevated (P <0.01). The pre‐ejection period (PEP) was prolonged, but left ventricular ejective time (LVET) was shortened and therefore PEPILVET was increased. Eiectrocardiographic criteria did not detect left ventricular hypertrophy in four out of the 15 hypertensive patients, all of whom had left ventricular hypertrophy by echocardiography. These findings are similar to the abnormalities described for non‐African hypertensive patients; and show that hypertension causes LV dysfunction before the onset of overt heart failure

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-369
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1981

    Research areas

  • ECG, Echmardiograni, Hypertemion

ID: 70061002