Universal quantum information processing requires the execution of single-qubit and two-qubit logic. Across all qubit realizations1, spin qubits in quantum dots have great promise to become the central building block for quantum computation2. Excellent quantum dot control can be achieved in gallium arsenide3–5, and high-fidelity qubit rotations and two-qubit logic have been demonstrated in silicon6–9, but universal quantum logic implemented with local control has yet to be demonstrated. Here we make this step by combining all of these desirable aspects using hole quantum dots in germanium. Good control over tunnel coupling and detuning is obtained by exploiting quantum wells with very low disorder, enabling operation at the charge symmetry point for increased qubit performance. Spin–orbit coupling obviates the need for microscopic elements close to each qubit and enables rapid qubit control with driving frequencies exceeding 100 MHz. We demonstrate a fast universal quantum gate set composed of single-qubit gates with a fidelity of 99.3 per cent and a gate time of 20 nanoseconds, and two-qubit logic operations executed within 75 nanoseconds. Planar germanium has thus matured within a year from a material that can host quantum dots to a platform enabling two-qubit logic, positioning itself as an excellent material for use in quantum information applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-491
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume577
Issue number7791
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ID: 69579608