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Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings. / Peelman, Sebastiaan; Sun, Zhi; Sietsma, Jilt; Yang, Yongxiang.

Rare Metal Technology 2016. ed. / S. Alam; H. Kim; N.R. Neelameggham; T. Ouchi; H. Oosterhof. Hoboken, NJ, USA : John Wiley & Sons, 2016. p. 17-29.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Peelman, S, Sun, Z, Sietsma, J & Yang, Y 2016, Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings. in S Alam, H Kim, NR Neelameggham, T Ouchi & H Oosterhof (eds), Rare Metal Technology 2016. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 17-29, Symposium Rare Earth Technology 2016, Nashville, TN, United States, 14/02/16. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119274834.ch2

APA

Peelman, S., Sun, Z., Sietsma, J., & Yang, Y. (2016). Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings. In S. Alam, H. Kim, N. R. Neelameggham, T. Ouchi, & H. Oosterhof (Eds.), Rare Metal Technology 2016 (pp. 17-29). Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119274834.ch2

Vancouver

Peelman S, Sun Z, Sietsma J, Yang Y. Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings. In Alam S, Kim H, Neelameggham NR, Ouchi T, Oosterhof H, editors, Rare Metal Technology 2016. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons. 2016. p. 17-29 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119274834.ch2

Author

Peelman, Sebastiaan ; Sun, Zhi ; Sietsma, Jilt ; Yang, Yongxiang. / Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings. Rare Metal Technology 2016. editor / S. Alam ; H. Kim ; N.R. Neelameggham ; T. Ouchi ; H. Oosterhof. Hoboken, NJ, USA : John Wiley & Sons, 2016. pp. 17-29

BibTeX

@inproceedings{5c83670bfa8f429491ebde23c9a7ec70,
title = "Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings",
abstract = "The rare earth elements (REEs) present in the Kiruna iron ore mine tailings are being considered as a new REE resource for the EU. These tailings, after beneficiation, contain approximately 5000 ppm of rare earths, concentrated in apatite and monazite minerals. To economically extract the REEs from these tailings the phosphorous contained within the apatite must also be extracted and the waste production of the process should be minimal. To achieve the extraction of REEs and phosphorous HCl and HNO3 were investigated as possible leaching agents. Based on the results a leaching process using HNO3 is proposed. This process produces H3PO4 from the apatite while simultaneously dissolving the REEs. The resulting leach liquor is then cooled to remove the unwanted Ca as Ca(NO3)2. Analysis of the leach liquor reveals extraction ratios of between 75{\%} and 100{\%} for the heavy REE (e.g. Y, Eu, Dy, …) and below 40{\%} from the light REEs (i.e. Ce, La). Full phosphorous extraction was also achieved.",
keywords = "Rare earths, Apatite, Phosphoric acid production, Low grade REE resources",
author = "Sebastiaan Peelman and Zhi Sun and Jilt Sietsma and Yongxiang Yang",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1002/9781119274834.ch2",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-119-23107-3",
pages = "17--29",
editor = "S. Alam and H. Kim and N.R. Neelameggham and T. Ouchi and H. Oosterhof",
booktitle = "Rare Metal Technology 2016",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Hydrometallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from low grade mine tailings

AU - Peelman, Sebastiaan

AU - Sun, Zhi

AU - Sietsma, Jilt

AU - Yang, Yongxiang

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The rare earth elements (REEs) present in the Kiruna iron ore mine tailings are being considered as a new REE resource for the EU. These tailings, after beneficiation, contain approximately 5000 ppm of rare earths, concentrated in apatite and monazite minerals. To economically extract the REEs from these tailings the phosphorous contained within the apatite must also be extracted and the waste production of the process should be minimal. To achieve the extraction of REEs and phosphorous HCl and HNO3 were investigated as possible leaching agents. Based on the results a leaching process using HNO3 is proposed. This process produces H3PO4 from the apatite while simultaneously dissolving the REEs. The resulting leach liquor is then cooled to remove the unwanted Ca as Ca(NO3)2. Analysis of the leach liquor reveals extraction ratios of between 75% and 100% for the heavy REE (e.g. Y, Eu, Dy, …) and below 40% from the light REEs (i.e. Ce, La). Full phosphorous extraction was also achieved.

AB - The rare earth elements (REEs) present in the Kiruna iron ore mine tailings are being considered as a new REE resource for the EU. These tailings, after beneficiation, contain approximately 5000 ppm of rare earths, concentrated in apatite and monazite minerals. To economically extract the REEs from these tailings the phosphorous contained within the apatite must also be extracted and the waste production of the process should be minimal. To achieve the extraction of REEs and phosphorous HCl and HNO3 were investigated as possible leaching agents. Based on the results a leaching process using HNO3 is proposed. This process produces H3PO4 from the apatite while simultaneously dissolving the REEs. The resulting leach liquor is then cooled to remove the unwanted Ca as Ca(NO3)2. Analysis of the leach liquor reveals extraction ratios of between 75% and 100% for the heavy REE (e.g. Y, Eu, Dy, …) and below 40% from the light REEs (i.e. Ce, La). Full phosphorous extraction was also achieved.

KW - Rare earths

KW - Apatite

KW - Phosphoric acid production

KW - Low grade REE resources

U2 - 10.1002/9781119274834.ch2

DO - 10.1002/9781119274834.ch2

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-1-119-23107-3

SP - 17

EP - 29

BT - Rare Metal Technology 2016

A2 - Alam, S.

A2 - Kim, H.

A2 - Neelameggham, N.R.

A2 - Ouchi, T.

A2 - Oosterhof, H.

PB - John Wiley & Sons

CY - Hoboken, NJ, USA

ER -

ID: 9190204