Chemical industrial parks, being critical infrastructures, are susceptible to domino effects triggered by intentional attacks. Previous research on security risk management has mainly focused on using security measures to prevent intentional attacks, neglecting the effects of safety barriers. Safety barriers are able to reduce the potential consequences and decrease the attractiveness of chemical industrial parks to terrorists who aim to maximize the damage. From a systematic perspective, the potential consequence of intentional attacks is defined as the expected loss which is the sum-product of damage probability and consequence of installations. A consequence-based method including a Dynamic Vulnerability Assessment Graph (DVAG) model is proposed to integrate safety and security resources for reducing the risk of intentional attacks. The DVAG model is developed based on dynamic graphs, considering the effects of security measures, safety barriers, and emergency response. This method can assess the consequences and damage probabilities of possible intentional attacks so as to mitigate the risk via evaluation and allocation of security measures and safety barriers with fast computation speed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106470
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
Early online date2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

    Research areas

  • Domino effects, Dynamic graphs, Safety barriers, Security measures, Security risk management

ID: 53626405