• Philipp Eversmann
  • Eike Schling
  • André Ihde
  • Christian Louter
The realization of doubly curved façades often requires large investments in fabrication equipment and produces additional waste through subtractive fabrication processes and non-reusable molds. In glass construction, elastic bending techniques can be used for small curvatures. This paper continues previous research of the authors on bending rectangular glass elements into irregularly curved panels. First, we analyze the stresses occurring in cold bent glass during assembly, thus defining a particle-spring model which is able to compute approximate stresses in real-time during the bending procedure. In a second step, we compare the structural performance of the bent glass with that of flat panels using FE-analysis. Finally, we illustrate the implementations on multi-panel façade layouts. We analyze the dependencies between curvature, gap-tolerance and panelization. We present a method to minimize gap-tolerances by optimizing the distribution of surface curvature. Our results highlight the structural and geometrical potentials and possible applications for curved glass construction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IASS Annual Symposium 2016
Subtitle of host publicationSpatial Structures in the 21st Century
EditorsK. Kawaguchi, M. Ohsaki, T. Takeuchi
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventIASS Annual Symposium 2016: Spatial Structures in the 21st Century - University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Duration: 26 Sep 201630 Sep 2016


ConferenceIASS Annual Symposium 2016
Abbreviated titleIASS2016
Internet address

    Research areas

  • glass, cold-bending, FE-analysis, particle-spring model, optimization

ID: 22370158