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Observation and integrated Earth-system science : A roadmap for 2016-2025. / Simmons, Adrian; Fellous, Jean Louis; Ramaswamy, Venkatachalam; Trenberth, Kevin; Asrar, Ghassem; Balmaseda, Magdalena; Burrows, John P.; Ciais, Philippe; Drinkwater, Mark; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gobron, Nadine; Guilyardi, Eric; Halpern, David; Heimann, Martin; Johannessen, Johnny; Levelt, Pieternel F.; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto; Penner, Joyce; Scholes, Robert; Shepherd, Ted.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 57, No. 10, 15.05.2016, p. 2037-2103.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Simmons, A, Fellous, JL, Ramaswamy, V, Trenberth, K, Asrar, G, Balmaseda, M, Burrows, JP, Ciais, P, Drinkwater, M, Friedlingstein, P, Gobron, N, Guilyardi, E, Halpern, D, Heimann, M, Johannessen, J, Levelt, PF, Lopez-Baeza, E, Penner, J, Scholes, R & Shepherd, T 2016, 'Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016-2025' Advances in Space Research, vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 2037-2103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008

APA

Simmons, A., Fellous, J. L., Ramaswamy, V., Trenberth, K., Asrar, G., Balmaseda, M., ... Shepherd, T. (2016). Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016-2025. Advances in Space Research, 57(10), 2037-2103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008

Vancouver

Simmons A, Fellous JL, Ramaswamy V, Trenberth K, Asrar G, Balmaseda M et al. Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016-2025. Advances in Space Research. 2016 May 15;57(10):2037-2103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008

Author

Simmons, Adrian ; Fellous, Jean Louis ; Ramaswamy, Venkatachalam ; Trenberth, Kevin ; Asrar, Ghassem ; Balmaseda, Magdalena ; Burrows, John P. ; Ciais, Philippe ; Drinkwater, Mark ; Friedlingstein, Pierre ; Gobron, Nadine ; Guilyardi, Eric ; Halpern, David ; Heimann, Martin ; Johannessen, Johnny ; Levelt, Pieternel F. ; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto ; Penner, Joyce ; Scholes, Robert ; Shepherd, Ted. / Observation and integrated Earth-system science : A roadmap for 2016-2025. In: Advances in Space Research. 2016 ; Vol. 57, No. 10. pp. 2037-2103.

BibTeX

@article{39c519e44cff414aaa0645d084111ffe,
title = "Observation and integrated Earth-system science: A roadmap for 2016-2025",
abstract = "This report is the response to a request by the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science to prepare a roadmap on observation and integrated Earth-system science for the coming ten years. Its focus is on the combined use of observations and modelling to address the functioning, predictability and projected evolution of interacting components of the Earth system on timescales out to a century or so. It discusses how observations support integrated Earth-system science and its applications, and identifies planned enhancements to the contributing observing systems and other requirements for observations and their processing. All types of observation are considered, but emphasis is placed on those made from space. The origins and development of the integrated view of the Earth system are outlined, noting the interactions between the main components that lead to requirements for integrated science and modelling, and for the observations that guide and support them. What constitutes an Earth-system model is discussed. Summaries are given of key cycles within the Earth system. The nature of Earth observation and the arrangements for international coordination essential for effective operation of global observing systems are introduced. Instances are given of present types of observation, what is already on the roadmap for 2016-2025 and some of the issues to be faced. Observations that are organised on a systematic basis and observations that are made for process understanding and model development, or other research or demonstration purposes, are covered. Specific accounts are given for many of the variables of the Earth system. The current status and prospects for Earth-system modelling are summarized. The evolution towards applying Earth-system models for environmental monitoring and prediction as well as for climate simulation and projection is outlined. General aspects of the improvement of models, whether through refining the representations of processes that are already incorporated or through adding new processes or components, are discussed. Some important elements of Earth-system models are considered more fully. Data assimilation is discussed not only because it uses observations and models to generate datasets for monitoring the Earth system and for initiating and evaluating predictions, in particular through reanalysis, but also because of the feedback it provides on the quality of both the observations and the models employed. Inverse methods for surface-flux or model-parameter estimation are also covered. Reviews are given of the way observations and the processed datasets based on them are used for evaluating models, and of the combined use of observations and models for monitoring and interpreting the behaviour of the Earth system and for predicting and projecting its future. A set of concluding discussions covers general developmental needs, requirements for continuity of space-based observing systems, further long-term requirements for observations and other data, technological advances and data challenges, and the importance of enhanced international co-operation.",
keywords = "Earth system science, Modelling, Observations",
author = "Adrian Simmons and Fellous, {Jean Louis} and Venkatachalam Ramaswamy and Kevin Trenberth and Ghassem Asrar and Magdalena Balmaseda and Burrows, {John P.} and Philippe Ciais and Mark Drinkwater and Pierre Friedlingstein and Nadine Gobron and Eric Guilyardi and David Halpern and Martin Heimann and Johnny Johannessen and Levelt, {Pieternel F.} and Ernesto Lopez-Baeza and Joyce Penner and Robert Scholes and Ted Shepherd",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "2037--2103",
journal = "Advances in Space Research",
issn = "0273-1177",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation and integrated Earth-system science

T2 - Advances in Space Research

AU - Simmons, Adrian

AU - Fellous, Jean Louis

AU - Ramaswamy, Venkatachalam

AU - Trenberth, Kevin

AU - Asrar, Ghassem

AU - Balmaseda, Magdalena

AU - Burrows, John P.

AU - Ciais, Philippe

AU - Drinkwater, Mark

AU - Friedlingstein, Pierre

AU - Gobron, Nadine

AU - Guilyardi, Eric

AU - Halpern, David

AU - Heimann, Martin

AU - Johannessen, Johnny

AU - Levelt, Pieternel F.

AU - Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto

AU - Penner, Joyce

AU - Scholes, Robert

AU - Shepherd, Ted

PY - 2016/5/15

Y1 - 2016/5/15

N2 - This report is the response to a request by the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science to prepare a roadmap on observation and integrated Earth-system science for the coming ten years. Its focus is on the combined use of observations and modelling to address the functioning, predictability and projected evolution of interacting components of the Earth system on timescales out to a century or so. It discusses how observations support integrated Earth-system science and its applications, and identifies planned enhancements to the contributing observing systems and other requirements for observations and their processing. All types of observation are considered, but emphasis is placed on those made from space. The origins and development of the integrated view of the Earth system are outlined, noting the interactions between the main components that lead to requirements for integrated science and modelling, and for the observations that guide and support them. What constitutes an Earth-system model is discussed. Summaries are given of key cycles within the Earth system. The nature of Earth observation and the arrangements for international coordination essential for effective operation of global observing systems are introduced. Instances are given of present types of observation, what is already on the roadmap for 2016-2025 and some of the issues to be faced. Observations that are organised on a systematic basis and observations that are made for process understanding and model development, or other research or demonstration purposes, are covered. Specific accounts are given for many of the variables of the Earth system. The current status and prospects for Earth-system modelling are summarized. The evolution towards applying Earth-system models for environmental monitoring and prediction as well as for climate simulation and projection is outlined. General aspects of the improvement of models, whether through refining the representations of processes that are already incorporated or through adding new processes or components, are discussed. Some important elements of Earth-system models are considered more fully. Data assimilation is discussed not only because it uses observations and models to generate datasets for monitoring the Earth system and for initiating and evaluating predictions, in particular through reanalysis, but also because of the feedback it provides on the quality of both the observations and the models employed. Inverse methods for surface-flux or model-parameter estimation are also covered. Reviews are given of the way observations and the processed datasets based on them are used for evaluating models, and of the combined use of observations and models for monitoring and interpreting the behaviour of the Earth system and for predicting and projecting its future. A set of concluding discussions covers general developmental needs, requirements for continuity of space-based observing systems, further long-term requirements for observations and other data, technological advances and data challenges, and the importance of enhanced international co-operation.

AB - This report is the response to a request by the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science to prepare a roadmap on observation and integrated Earth-system science for the coming ten years. Its focus is on the combined use of observations and modelling to address the functioning, predictability and projected evolution of interacting components of the Earth system on timescales out to a century or so. It discusses how observations support integrated Earth-system science and its applications, and identifies planned enhancements to the contributing observing systems and other requirements for observations and their processing. All types of observation are considered, but emphasis is placed on those made from space. The origins and development of the integrated view of the Earth system are outlined, noting the interactions between the main components that lead to requirements for integrated science and modelling, and for the observations that guide and support them. What constitutes an Earth-system model is discussed. Summaries are given of key cycles within the Earth system. The nature of Earth observation and the arrangements for international coordination essential for effective operation of global observing systems are introduced. Instances are given of present types of observation, what is already on the roadmap for 2016-2025 and some of the issues to be faced. Observations that are organised on a systematic basis and observations that are made for process understanding and model development, or other research or demonstration purposes, are covered. Specific accounts are given for many of the variables of the Earth system. The current status and prospects for Earth-system modelling are summarized. The evolution towards applying Earth-system models for environmental monitoring and prediction as well as for climate simulation and projection is outlined. General aspects of the improvement of models, whether through refining the representations of processes that are already incorporated or through adding new processes or components, are discussed. Some important elements of Earth-system models are considered more fully. Data assimilation is discussed not only because it uses observations and models to generate datasets for monitoring the Earth system and for initiating and evaluating predictions, in particular through reanalysis, but also because of the feedback it provides on the quality of both the observations and the models employed. Inverse methods for surface-flux or model-parameter estimation are also covered. Reviews are given of the way observations and the processed datasets based on them are used for evaluating models, and of the combined use of observations and models for monitoring and interpreting the behaviour of the Earth system and for predicting and projecting its future. A set of concluding discussions covers general developmental needs, requirements for continuity of space-based observing systems, further long-term requirements for observations and other data, technological advances and data challenges, and the importance of enhanced international co-operation.

KW - Earth system science

KW - Modelling

KW - Observations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84964047746&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008

DO - 10.1016/j.asr.2016.03.008

M3 - Review article

VL - 57

SP - 2037

EP - 2103

JO - Advances in Space Research

JF - Advances in Space Research

SN - 0273-1177

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 29453674