Open water systems such as irrigation canals are used to transport and deliver water from the source to the user.Water loss in these systems by seepage, leakage, evaporation, or unknown water offtakes can be large. If this loss is unknown to the model used, it will not be considered by the controller and create a real system model mismatch. This mismatch will affect the water level directly and create an offset from the reference set point of the water level. A control configuration for open water canals, model predictive control (MPC) based on moving horizon estimation (MHE-MPC), to deal with offset problems resulting from real system-model mismatch is described in this paper. MHE uses the past predictions of the model and the past measurements of the system to estimate unknown disturbances and systematically removes the offset in the controlled water level. This control configuration is numerically tested on an accurate hydrodynamic model of the Control Algorithms Test Canal of the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC-PAC). The results presented in this paper show that MHE-MPC can realize offset-free control and the results are better than those of the well-known disturbance modelling offset-free control scheme.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberB4016005
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • Model predictive control (MPC), Moving horizon estimation (MHE), Offset-free control, Open water systems, Irrigation

ID: 7608279