Predicting the effect of alloying elements on the degree of incomplete austenite to bainite transformation in low carbon steels is of great industrial importance. This study introduces an extended Gibbs energy balance model which makes use of an additive approach to calculate the coupled effect of Mn, Si and Mo on the fraction of bainitic ferrite after the incomplete transformation in multicomponent steels. The model predicts significant effects of Mn and Mo and the negligible effect of Si levels on the fraction of bainitic ferrite. This is attributed to the high value of dissipation of Gibbs energy caused by interfacial diffusion of Mn and Mo and low values caused by Si diffusion. The model predictions for quaternary Fe–C–Mn–Si system are comparable with the experimentally measured values of bainite fraction. For the Fe–C–Mn–Mo system, the agreement is less accurate and the accuracy decreases with increasing Mo content, which is attributed a substantial carbide formation but interaction effects between Mn and Mo or a temperature dependent binding energy cannot be ruled out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
JournalPhilosophical Magazine Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Bainite, Gibbs energy balance, incomplete reaction, modelling, phase transformation, steel

ID: 46840610