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Prediction interval modelling has been proposed in the literature to characterize uncertain phenomena and provide useful information from a decision-making point of view. In most of the reported studies, assumptions about the data distribution are made and/or the models are trained at one step ahead, which can decrease the quality of the interval in terms of the information about the uncertainty modelled for a higher prediction horizon. In this paper, a new prediction interval modelling methodology based on fuzzy numbers is proposed to solve the abovementioned drawbacks. Fuzzy and neural network prediction interval models are developed based on this proposed methodology by minimizing a novel criterion that includes the coverage probability and normalized average width. The fuzzy number concept is considered because the affine combination of fuzzy numbers generates, by definition, prediction intervals that can handle uncertainty without requiring assumptions about the data distribution. The developed models are compared with a covariance-based prediction interval method, and high-quality intervals are obtained, as determined by the narrower interval width of the proposed method. Additionally, the proposed prediction intervals are tested by forecasting up to two days ahead of the load of the Huatacondo microgrid in the north of Chile and the consumption of the residential dwellings in the town of Loughborough, UK. The results show that the proposed models are suitable alternatives to electrical consumption forecasting because they obtain the minimum interval widths that characterize the uncertainty of this type of stochastic process. Furthermore, the information provided by the obtained prediction interval could be used to develop robust energy management systems that, for example, consider the worst-case scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-141
Number of pages14
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume119
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

    Research areas

  • Fuzzy number, Microgrid, Neuronal network, Prediction interval, Renewable energy

ID: 47407231