Standard

Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals. / Yang, Yongxiang.

Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies. ed. / Erik Offerman. London, UK : World Scientific, 2019. p. 315-342 (World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues; Vol. 5).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeChapterScientific

Harvard

Yang, Y 2019, Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals. in E Offerman (ed.), Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies. World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues, vol. 5, World Scientific, London, UK, pp. 315-342. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813271050_0015

APA

Yang, Y. (2019). Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals. In E. Offerman (Ed.), Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies (pp. 315-342). (World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues; Vol. 5). World Scientific. https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813271050_0015

Vancouver

Yang Y. Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals. In Offerman E, editor, Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies. London, UK: World Scientific. 2019. p. 315-342. (World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues). https://doi.org/10.1142/9789813271050_0015

Author

Yang, Yongxiang. / Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals. Critical Materials: Underlying Causes and Sustainable Mitigation Strategies. editor / Erik Offerman. London, UK : World Scientific, 2019. pp. 315-342 (World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues).

BibTeX

@inbook{1e2777b3a5b0410ea7279af92ecaf8a2,
title = "Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals",
abstract = "Metals are important engineering materials, and are produced from non-renewable natural resources. This chapter starts with the criticality and scarcity issue of metals and metal resources. Then various available extraction and refining technologies and processes are introduced for primary production and recycling of metals. The principles of pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and electro-metallurgy (electrowinning and electro-refining) are described for primary production of metals. The applications of metallurgical technologies to metals recovery from secondary resources (metal scrap and waste residues), i.e. recycling of metals, are discussed. As the last part, the extraction and recycling of cobalt, one of the most critical metals, is given as an example to illustrate how different metallurgical technologies are used and combined to extract a metal from different types of raw materials.",
author = "Yongxiang Yang",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1142/9789813271050_0015",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-981-3271-04-3 ",
series = "World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues",
publisher = "World Scientific",
pages = "315--342",
editor = "Erik Offerman",
booktitle = "Critical Materials",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Primary Production and Recycling of Critical Metals

AU - Yang, Yongxiang

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Metals are important engineering materials, and are produced from non-renewable natural resources. This chapter starts with the criticality and scarcity issue of metals and metal resources. Then various available extraction and refining technologies and processes are introduced for primary production and recycling of metals. The principles of pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and electro-metallurgy (electrowinning and electro-refining) are described for primary production of metals. The applications of metallurgical technologies to metals recovery from secondary resources (metal scrap and waste residues), i.e. recycling of metals, are discussed. As the last part, the extraction and recycling of cobalt, one of the most critical metals, is given as an example to illustrate how different metallurgical technologies are used and combined to extract a metal from different types of raw materials.

AB - Metals are important engineering materials, and are produced from non-renewable natural resources. This chapter starts with the criticality and scarcity issue of metals and metal resources. Then various available extraction and refining technologies and processes are introduced for primary production and recycling of metals. The principles of pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy and electro-metallurgy (electrowinning and electro-refining) are described for primary production of metals. The applications of metallurgical technologies to metals recovery from secondary resources (metal scrap and waste residues), i.e. recycling of metals, are discussed. As the last part, the extraction and recycling of cobalt, one of the most critical metals, is given as an example to illustrate how different metallurgical technologies are used and combined to extract a metal from different types of raw materials.

U2 - 10.1142/9789813271050_0015

DO - 10.1142/9789813271050_0015

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-981-3271-04-3

T3 - World Scientific Series in Current Energy Issues

SP - 315

EP - 342

BT - Critical Materials

A2 - Offerman, Erik

PB - World Scientific

CY - London, UK

ER -

ID: 71014388