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Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking. / Schrama, Frank Nicolaas Hermanus; Beunder, E.M.; van den Berg, B; Yang, Yongxiang; Boom, Rob.

In: Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications, Vol. 44, No. 5, 2017, p. 333-343.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Schrama, FNH, Beunder, EM, van den Berg, B, Yang, Y & Boom, R 2017, 'Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking' Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 333-343. https://doi.org/10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914

APA

Schrama, F. N. H., Beunder, E. M., van den Berg, B., Yang, Y., & Boom, R. (2017). Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking. Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications, 44(5), 333-343. https://doi.org/10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914

Vancouver

Schrama FNH, Beunder EM, van den Berg B, Yang Y, Boom R. Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking. Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications. 2017;44(5):333-343. https://doi.org/10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914

Author

Schrama, Frank Nicolaas Hermanus ; Beunder, E.M. ; van den Berg, B ; Yang, Yongxiang ; Boom, Rob. / Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking. In: Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 333-343.

BibTeX

@article{896d5bfbc46c40a69ed8037d0af66b11,
title = "Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking",
abstract = "Sulphur removal in the ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking process is reviewed. A sulphur balance is made for the steelmaking process of Tata Steel IJmuiden, the Netherlands. There are four stages where sulphur can be removed: in the blast furnace (BF), during hot metal (HM) pretreatment, in the converter and during the secondary metallurgy (SM) treatment. For sulphur removal a low oxygen activity and a basic slag are required. In the BF typically 90{\%} of the sulphur is removed; still, the HM contains about 0.03{\%} of sulphur. Different HM desulphurisation processes are used worldwide. With co-injection or the Kanbara reactor, sulphur concentrations below 0.001{\%} are reached. Basic slag helps desulphurisation in the converter. However, sulphur increase is not uncommon in the converter due to high oxygen activity and sulphur input via scrap and additions. For low sulphur concentrations SM desulphurisation, with a decreased oxygen activity and a basic slag, is always required.",
keywords = "Desulphurisation, hot metal desulphurisation methods, ironmaking, kinetics, steelmaking, thermodynamics",
author = "Schrama, {Frank Nicolaas Hermanus} and E.M. Beunder and {van den Berg}, B and Yongxiang Yang and Rob Boom",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "333--343",
journal = "Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications",
issn = "0301-9233",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sulphur removal in ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking

AU - Schrama, Frank Nicolaas Hermanus

AU - Beunder, E.M.

AU - van den Berg, B

AU - Yang, Yongxiang

AU - Boom, Rob

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Sulphur removal in the ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking process is reviewed. A sulphur balance is made for the steelmaking process of Tata Steel IJmuiden, the Netherlands. There are four stages where sulphur can be removed: in the blast furnace (BF), during hot metal (HM) pretreatment, in the converter and during the secondary metallurgy (SM) treatment. For sulphur removal a low oxygen activity and a basic slag are required. In the BF typically 90% of the sulphur is removed; still, the HM contains about 0.03% of sulphur. Different HM desulphurisation processes are used worldwide. With co-injection or the Kanbara reactor, sulphur concentrations below 0.001% are reached. Basic slag helps desulphurisation in the converter. However, sulphur increase is not uncommon in the converter due to high oxygen activity and sulphur input via scrap and additions. For low sulphur concentrations SM desulphurisation, with a decreased oxygen activity and a basic slag, is always required.

AB - Sulphur removal in the ironmaking and oxygen steelmaking process is reviewed. A sulphur balance is made for the steelmaking process of Tata Steel IJmuiden, the Netherlands. There are four stages where sulphur can be removed: in the blast furnace (BF), during hot metal (HM) pretreatment, in the converter and during the secondary metallurgy (SM) treatment. For sulphur removal a low oxygen activity and a basic slag are required. In the BF typically 90% of the sulphur is removed; still, the HM contains about 0.03% of sulphur. Different HM desulphurisation processes are used worldwide. With co-injection or the Kanbara reactor, sulphur concentrations below 0.001% are reached. Basic slag helps desulphurisation in the converter. However, sulphur increase is not uncommon in the converter due to high oxygen activity and sulphur input via scrap and additions. For low sulphur concentrations SM desulphurisation, with a decreased oxygen activity and a basic slag, is always required.

KW - Desulphurisation

KW - hot metal desulphurisation methods

KW - ironmaking

KW - kinetics

KW - steelmaking

KW - thermodynamics

UR - http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:896d5bfb-c46c-40a6-9ed8-037d0af66b11

U2 - 10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914

DO - 10.1080/03019233.2017.1303914

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 333

EP - 343

JO - Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications

T2 - Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications

JF - Ironmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications

SN - 0301-9233

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 16040007