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The hybrid victim : Re-conceptualizing high-tech cyber victimization through actor-network theory. / van der Wagen, Wytske; Pieters, Wolter.

In: European Journal of Criminology, 11.2018.

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@article{386a79474f24410ab8cd5e3885eae96b,
title = "The hybrid victim: Re-conceptualizing high-tech cyber victimization through actor-network theory",
abstract = "Victims are often conceptualized as single, human and static entities with certain risk factors that make them more vulnerable and attractive for offenders. This framework is challenged by emerging forms of high-tech cybercrime, such as ransomware, botnets and virtual theft, in which the offender targets a composite of human, technical and virtual entities. This study critically assesses the current theorization of the cyber victim and offers an alternative approach. Drawing on actor-network theory and three empirical case studies, it analyses the cyber victim as a hybrid actor-network consisting of different entities that, together with the offender, make the victimization possible. The proposed concepts of victim composition, delegation and translation enable a more profound understanding of the hybrid and complex process of becoming a high-tech cyber victim. Keywords: cybercrime, cyber victimization, actor-network theory, botnet, ransomware, virtual theft.",
keywords = "Actor-network theory, botnet, cyber victimization, cybercrime, ransomware, virtual theft",
author = "{van der Wagen}, Wytske and Wolter Pieters",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1177/1477370818812016",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Criminology",
issn = "1477-3708",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The hybrid victim

T2 - European Journal of Criminology

AU - van der Wagen, Wytske

AU - Pieters, Wolter

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Victims are often conceptualized as single, human and static entities with certain risk factors that make them more vulnerable and attractive for offenders. This framework is challenged by emerging forms of high-tech cybercrime, such as ransomware, botnets and virtual theft, in which the offender targets a composite of human, technical and virtual entities. This study critically assesses the current theorization of the cyber victim and offers an alternative approach. Drawing on actor-network theory and three empirical case studies, it analyses the cyber victim as a hybrid actor-network consisting of different entities that, together with the offender, make the victimization possible. The proposed concepts of victim composition, delegation and translation enable a more profound understanding of the hybrid and complex process of becoming a high-tech cyber victim. Keywords: cybercrime, cyber victimization, actor-network theory, botnet, ransomware, virtual theft.

AB - Victims are often conceptualized as single, human and static entities with certain risk factors that make them more vulnerable and attractive for offenders. This framework is challenged by emerging forms of high-tech cybercrime, such as ransomware, botnets and virtual theft, in which the offender targets a composite of human, technical and virtual entities. This study critically assesses the current theorization of the cyber victim and offers an alternative approach. Drawing on actor-network theory and three empirical case studies, it analyses the cyber victim as a hybrid actor-network consisting of different entities that, together with the offender, make the victimization possible. The proposed concepts of victim composition, delegation and translation enable a more profound understanding of the hybrid and complex process of becoming a high-tech cyber victim. Keywords: cybercrime, cyber victimization, actor-network theory, botnet, ransomware, virtual theft.

KW - Actor-network theory

KW - botnet

KW - cyber victimization

KW - cybercrime

KW - ransomware

KW - virtual theft

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058653311&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1477370818812016

DO - 10.1177/1477370818812016

M3 - Article

JO - European Journal of Criminology

JF - European Journal of Criminology

SN - 1477-3708

ER -

ID: 52184406