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In this work we report the effect of the hard block dianhydride structure on the overall properties of partially bio-based semi-aromatic polyimides. For the study, four polyimides were synthesized using aliphatic fatty dimer diamine (DD1) as the soft block and four different commercially available aromatic dianhydrides as the hard block: 4,4'-(4,4'-isopropylidenediphenoxy) bis-(phthalic anhydride) (BPADA), 4,4'-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA), 4,4′-(Hexafluoroisopropylidene) diphthalic anhydride (6FDA) and 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA). The polymers synthesized were fully organo-soluble thermoplastic branched polyimides with glass transition temperatures close to room temperature. The detailed analysis took into account several aspects of the dianhydrides structure (planarity, rigidity, bridging group between the phtalimides, electronic properties) and related them to the results obtained by differential scanning calorimetry, rheology, fluorescence and broadband dielectric spectroscopy. Moreover, the effect of physical parameters (crystallization and electronic interactions) on the relaxation behavior are discussed. Despite the presence of the bulky branched soft block given by the dimer diamine, all polyimides showed intermolecular charge transfer complexes, whose impact depends on the electronic properties of the dianhydride hard block. Furthermore, the results showed that polyimides containing flexible and bulky hard blocks turned out fully amorphous while the more rigid dianhydride (BPDA) led to a nanophase separated morphology with low degree of crystallinity resulting in constrained segmental relaxation with high effect on its mechanical response with the annealing time. This work represents the first detailed report on the development and characterization of polyimides based on a bio-based fatty dimer diamine. The results highlight the potential of polymer property design by controlled engineering of the aromatic dianhydride blocks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-678
Number of pages11
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • polyimides , fatty dimer diamine, alkyl branches, aromatic dianhydrides, structure-polymer properties

ID: 33506440