We investigated the sensitivity of Fully-Focussed SAR (FF-SAR) processing of CryoSat-2 altimeter data to Earth rotation and exploit it to decontaminate waveforms in coastal zones. Earth's rotation causes scatterers at varying cross-track locations to have a different relative velocity with respect to the satellite. This second-order effect of Earth rotation on the phase is currently not corrected for in FF-SAR processing of altimetry data. The difference is largest near the poles, where the satellite flies parallel to the equator. We show when not correcting for this second-order effect it yields a parabolic shape in the counter rotated phase, which increases with the cross-track distance. If the FF-SAR processor focusses on one point, and there is a bright scatterer at another, then there is a residual parabolic phase, whose sign and shape depend on the cross-track distance and on whether the signal is left or right of the chosen focal point. In theory, if the viewed scene only has few bright coherent scatterers, then it might be possible to determine the cross-track position of each. In practice though, natural targets are rarely coherent over the integration time. The incoherent property of natural targets can, however, also be exploited to decontaminate waveforms in coastal tracks from land signals, by differencing two radargrams computed with two different focal points. If the cross-track distance between the focal points is set correctly, the speckle signal from the ocean becomes quasi-independent, while the land signal is similar in both radargrams and can subsequently be removed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventAGU Fall Meeting 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 9 Dec 201913 Dec 2019
https://www.agu.org/fall-meeting

Conference

ConferenceAGU Fall Meeting 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period9/12/1913/12/19
Internet address

ID: 68662221